Which certificate of deposit

In Canada, a Certificate of deposit (CD) is known as Term Deposit. And banking term of Canada is similar to the Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC). By using the Certificate of deposit, investors invest in some products from which they gain a return. This totally depends on person to person. These products are basically called GIC or Guaranteed Certificate Deposit. Investors don’t rely on these products so much. They used these products as low-risk investments. From these accounts, you can get more interest rates sometimes than savings accounts.

Firstly you will need to calculate how much you can invest in a Guaranteed Investment Certificate in Canada. These products have some restrictions. You can not withdraw the money before a specified date. For that reason, you have to be confident that you have enough cash in hand before investing in these products.

You have to find the banks that offer GIC. There are many banks in Canada that provide these products. Rates of Interest of these products depend on the situation of the economy and time period of GIC. Before investing in these products, you will need to decide the time period. Basically, these accounts offer one, two and five years time period terms. GIC with five years will give you the highest interest rate. Because the banks can use the money for five years. And compare the returns like if you have retirement funds, mutual funds, stocks then compare the return from these investments with GIC. Try to set internet banking to transfer your money from your bank account to GIC that you have selected. 

Different types of GIC

GIC is equivalent to CD and GIC is as exciting as a CD. So we have to know the various types of GIC too.

Non-Registered and Registered GICs

Non-registered GICs are basically allow investors to keep their money into GICs without any limits on the investment, also allow flexibility and tax advantages. A registered GIC is a guaranteed investment certificate that is registered, which means it is not taxed. You can keep RESPs, RRSPs, and TFSAs within a GIC to avoid paying taxes.

Registered GICs are registered in one of Canada’s savings deposit accounts (RRSP, RESP, RRIF, etc.), which allows interest rate growth with no tax deductions. Non-registered GICs are not registered with the government of Canada, which means they can deduct higher taxes. But, non-registered GICs give higher returns, interest gained is subject to higher tax.


A Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) GIC is a government-approved saving account that helps parents to save for their children’s future study and other expenses. A GIC RESP can help investors save for their children’s education for many years.


A Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) GIC helps Canadians save for their money after retirement and save money from a tax deduction on the interest that they earn. A GIC RRSP is also an option for saving money for their first home.


A Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA) GIC allows investors to earn interest without paying tax on the attention that they received. When using a GIC TFSA, try to keep investments beneath your yearly TFSA contribution limit.

Fixed-Rate and Variable-Rate GICs

Fixed-rate GICS and variable-rate GICs differ by how their interest rates change. With a fixed-rate GIC, the interest rate remains the same over the time period. Fixed-rate GICs are the more popular type of GICs. Their fixed interest rate keeps the promised amount of interest gained once the investment reaches its maturity date.

On the other hand, variable interest rates change. Variable-rate GICs offer rates that progress and depend on the interest rate set by the financial institution. Prices can rise, but they can also fall, depending on the financial institution’s prime rate.

Market Linked GICs and Equity-Linked GICs

Market Linked GICs or Equity Linked GICs are GICs with interest rates determined by the stock market indicators. The return rate remains unknown until the end of the GIC time period. If the market does well, so will your investment. If the market doesn’t do well, you’re investment won’t. However, your principal investment is still guaranteed and insured.

US and Foreign Currency GICs

The US and Foreign Currency GICs are GICs purchased with foreign cash. It is important to know that the CDIC does not guarantee interest in these investments so that your financial institution goes out of business, you will not receive the attention that you have accrued. On the other hand, US and Foreign GICs rates tend to make better returns.

Cashable GICs

Cashable Guaranteed Investment Certificates (CGICs) is a cashable GIC that comes with a 1-year time period and a 30 or 90-day limitation where your investments are not accessible. Once the time period is complete, you are eligible to withdraw your money. Due to the short time frame, cashable GIC rates are lower.

Need to understand the Difference between IRA and CD

Certificate of deposits (CD) is those accounts that offer you a fixed interest rate for a specific period of time. Individual Retirement Arrangements or IRA is basically an investment plan that gives you money as your income after your retirement. You can buy different types of investment products with your IRA money including CD. There are a lot of differences in IRA, IRA CD, and Non-IRA CD.

Differences in Taxes

If you invest in CD, then the bank will inform you about the interest rates because that will be your taxable income. If you invest your money in a CD with IRA then interest will compound and CD increases in value more fastly. You only have to pay tax when you want to withdraw with your money from the IRA account. On a note, if you want to withdraw your money from IRA before the age of your 59 years 6 months, then you need to pay a 10 percent tax penalty.

Differences in protection

CD is the standard products that provide by the banks and the credit unions. These are federally insured. If the bank goes bankrupt, then Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation gives you $2,50,000 as your insurance coverage. The Credit Unions administrations ensure CD accounts in the same way. Whereas, IRA is not federally insured. If you use funds from your IRA account to invest in bank products, then IRA will be federally insured.

Differences in returns

When you invest in CD, you will get a fixed rate of return. When you invest your IRA money in a product other than CD, then you will get an unlimited growth potential.                                                                                                                                                                                               Some basic Factors of CD you should know

Should you invest in a CD?

CDs are a very popular method in Canada of investing because they are very safe and the principal amount you need to invest and the interest that you earn are both guaranteed and insured. CD is provided by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC) or by provincial insurance and it depends on the bank or credit union’s location.

Since CDs are super safe, they are inaccessible until the CD reaches the end of its time period, it’s also known as maturity. CDs are ideal for investors who have access to funds since money placed in a CD isn’t accessible. In most cases, funds invested in CDs are locked in. That means the investor can’t access the deposited money until the time period is complete. If you withdraw funds prematurely are subject to an early withdrawal penalty. Experts strongly recommend that you will need to keep aside an emergency fund before investing in CDs.

 Choosing the Right CD

Choosing the right CD, it depends mostly on the interest rate, time period length, and purpose of the investment. When you will select the right CD may seem as simple as picking the highest interest rate available, investing in a time period that based on your financial situation and saving goals are much more important. The saving goal is always a crucial factor in choosing the right CD because long term savings are best goes with long term CDs and short term CDs are suitable for short term savings. In any case, a CD with an interest rate of around 2% balances with the Canadian inflation rate. If you’re looking for a regular savings account, high-interest savings accounts (HISAs) or tax-free savings accounts (TFSAs) can be more favorable than purchasing CDs. And, if you already have savings that you can access in case of an emergency, you can invest in a CD that might be suitable for you.

Lastly, You can purchase CDs online. Each bank and credit union will have their terms and conditions in their sign-up process. This is the fastest and easiest way to purchase and compare CD rates. Or else, There are two options of buying CDs: directly, through the banks or credit unions, or through a CD broker, also known as a deposit broker. But, read carefully the terms and conditions for each CD before investing in it.